Why is the child’s life so important in the first three years of their development?
The initial years in a child’s life are very important, as it lays down the foundation of growth and development. Proper intake of nutrients and protection from infectious diseases, acts as the most important factor in the development of your child. The development of their brain, nervous system, as well as their immunity system, takes place.
They gain control of their arms and legs, which helps in their motor development. As they grow their sense of touch, sight, taste, hearing grows hence developing their brain. The first three years are very crucial in a child’s life for their growth. Your child develops both physically as well as mentally.
The First Year
It is the first year in which most of the development takes place. In just 12 months they undergo an incredible transformation.
• (0-6 Months)
Your baby’s sensory and motor development starts at this stage. They try and push themselves up to sit upright, lay on their tummy and roll on their back. They try to reach for toys held above them. They try and grasp for things and cry inconsolably to grab your attention.
Their grip on holding objects increases and they can hold things for a longer period. They can maintain eye contact at this point and recognize familiar faces. They speak incoherently and not proper words.
They coo and giggle while doing different activities and try to respond in their way. At the end of 6 months, they start with solid food along with milk. Their digestive tract has developed enough to consume solid or semi-solid food. They also start crawling by the end of 6 months.
• (6-12 Months)
They have already started on solid food and reach for food when a spoon is moved in front of them. They try and get a feel of the different texture of the food they are eating. They play with their food and eat finger food by themselves.
They can sit without support and can pick up small toys and objects. Their communication abilities develop and they imitate others and show simple gestures such as “yes” or “no”, recognize when called by their names.
They observe their surroundings and different objects. They hold onto support and stand, might try to walk too. Their brain development also progresses as they can detect different smells, sounds, and tastes.
The Second Year
It’s your baby’s first birthday! As you look back, you’ll see your baby has transformed a lot. And it will continue in the second year as well.
At this age, they can walk independently without any support to some distance. He can walk conveniently. They can hold onto larger objects or stack them. They can identify their surroundings and objects. Their gross motor skills develop.
Throughout the first 12 months, if you have followed the routine properly, then by this point your baby gets habituated with the routine and develops a regular sleep schedule as well. There is a change in their feeding habits and can eat coarse food items and small pieces of vegetables and fruits and can drink water from a cup by themselves.
At the end of 18 months, they can kick and throw balls and run across and climb steps as well. Their communication skill develops immensely, can speak a few words, and respond to your questions. They learn new words and use gestures and actions to convey and communicate.
The Third Year
And your baby has completed two years too! As of now, your baby can speak 3-4 words of a sentence. And his speech is clear for you to understand, what he is trying to convey. Your baby can understand different shapes and colors. They can differentiate between animals, plants and understand simple sentences.
They’ll prefer playing outside more often. He has no control over his legs; he’ll run, climb and play with larger toys. He is more confident now. At this age, his toilet training starts as well and he won’t require nappies anymore.
They are at an impressionable age now and will imitate everything you do, so you need to be careful with your actions as well as the language you use. They can understand your actions well.
What can you do?
Your child is growing at a faster pace and with the blink of your eye, he’ll be doing something different. You can let your child grow naturally according to his age. Don’t force him to do something, if he is not comfortable with it.
Give him some space instead act as an aid to help him in his growth. Play with him, help him walk, have a conversation with him and pay attention to his response.
Encourage him to try on new activities. Keep a watch on him to not try something dangerous or risky. Lastly, spend more time with your child and shower him with love and affection.
These three years play a pivotal role in your baby’s development, which will help him in the future. With your support and affection, your child will achieve many milestones.